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<?php

/**
 * @file
 * API for the Drupal menu system.
 */

/**
 * @defgroup menu Menu system
 * @{
 * Define the navigation menus, and route page requests to code based on URLs.
 *
 * The Drupal menu system drives both the navigation system from a user
 * perspective and the callback system that Drupal uses to respond to URLs
 * passed from the browser. For this reason, a good understanding of the
 * menu system is fundamental to the creation of complex modules. As a note,
 * this is related to, but separate from menu.module, which allows menus
 * (which in this context are hierarchical lists of links) to be customized from
 * the Drupal administrative interface.
 *
 * Drupal's menu system follows a simple hierarchy defined by paths.
 * Implementations of hook_menu() define menu items and assign them to
 * paths (which should be unique). The menu system aggregates these items
 * and determines the menu hierarchy from the paths. For example, if the
 * paths defined were a, a/b, e, a/b/c/d, f/g, and a/b/h, the menu system
 * would form the structure:
 * - a
 *   - a/b
 *     - a/b/c/d
 *     - a/b/h
 * - e
 * - f/g
 * Note that the number of elements in the path does not necessarily
 * determine the depth of the menu item in the tree.
 *
 * When responding to a page request, the menu system looks to see if the
 * path requested by the browser is registered as a menu item with a
 * callback. If not, the system searches up the menu tree for the most
 * complete match with a callback it can find. If the path a/b/i is
 * requested in the tree above, the callback for a/b would be used.
 *
 * The found callback function is called with any arguments specified
 * in the "page arguments" attribute of its menu item. The
 * attribute must be an array. After these arguments, any remaining
 * components of the path are appended as further arguments. In this
 * way, the callback for a/b above could respond to a request for
 * a/b/i differently than a request for a/b/j.
 *
 * For an illustration of this process, see page_example.module.
 *
 * Access to the callback functions is also protected by the menu system.
 * The "access callback" with an optional "access arguments" of each menu
 * item is called before the page callback proceeds. If this returns TRUE,
 * then access is granted; if FALSE, then access is denied. Default local task
 * menu items (see next paragraph) may omit this attribute to use the value
 * provided by the parent item.
 *
 * In the default Drupal interface, you will notice many links rendered as
 * tabs. These are known in the menu system as "local tasks", and they are
 * rendered as tabs by default, though other presentations are possible.
 * Local tasks function just as other menu items in most respects. It is
 * convention that the names of these tasks should be short verbs if
 * possible. In addition, a "default" local task should be provided for
 * each set. When visiting a local task's parent menu item, the default
 * local task will be rendered as if it is selected; this provides for a
 * normal tab user experience. This default task is special in that it
 * links not to its provided path, but to its parent item's path instead.
 * The default task's path is only used to place it appropriately in the
 * menu hierarchy.
 *
 * Everything described so far is stored in the menu_router table. The
 * menu_links table holds the visible menu links. By default these are
 * derived from the same hook_menu definitions, however you are free to
 * add more with menu_link_save().
 */

/**
 * @defgroup menu_flags Menu flags
 * @{
 * Flags for use in the "type" attribute of menu items.
 */

/**
 * Internal menu flag -- menu item is the root of the menu tree.
 */
define('MENU_IS_ROOT', 0x0001);

/**
 * Internal menu flag -- menu item is visible in the menu tree.
 */
define('MENU_VISIBLE_IN_TREE', 0x0002);

/**
 * Internal menu flag -- menu item is visible in the breadcrumb.
 */
define('MENU_VISIBLE_IN_BREADCRUMB', 0x0004);

/**
 * Internal menu flag -- menu item links back to its parent.
 */
define('MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT', 0x0008);

/**
 * Internal menu flag -- menu item can be modified by administrator.
 */
define('MENU_MODIFIED_BY_ADMIN', 0x0020);

/**
 * Internal menu flag -- menu item was created by administrator.
 */
define('MENU_CREATED_BY_ADMIN', 0x0040);

/**
 * Internal menu flag -- menu item is a local task.
 */
define('MENU_IS_LOCAL_TASK', 0x0080);

/**
 * Internal menu flag -- menu item is a local action.
 */
define('MENU_IS_LOCAL_ACTION', 0x0100);

/**
 * @} End of "Menu flags".
 */

/**
 * @defgroup menu_item_types Menu item types
 * @{
 * Definitions for various menu item types.
 *
 * Menu item definitions provide one of these constants, which are shortcuts for
 * combinations of @link menu_flags Menu flags @endlink.
 */

/**
 * Menu type -- A "normal" menu item that's shown in menu and breadcrumbs.
 *
 * Normal menu items show up in the menu tree and can be moved/hidden by
 * the administrator. Use this for most menu items. It is the default value if
 * no menu item type is specified.
 */
define('MENU_NORMAL_ITEM', MENU_VISIBLE_IN_TREE | MENU_VISIBLE_IN_BREADCRUMB);

/**
 * Menu type -- A hidden, internal callback, typically used for API calls.
 *
 * Callbacks simply register a path so that the correct function is fired
 * when the URL is accessed. They do not appear in menus or breadcrumbs.
 */
define('MENU_CALLBACK', 0x0000);

/**
 * Menu type -- A normal menu item, hidden until enabled by an administrator.
 *
 * Modules may "suggest" menu items that the administrator may enable. They act
 * just as callbacks do until enabled, at which time they act like normal items.
 * Note for the value: 0x0010 was a flag which is no longer used, but this way
 * the values of MENU_CALLBACK and MENU_SUGGESTED_ITEM are separate.
 */
define('MENU_SUGGESTED_ITEM', MENU_VISIBLE_IN_BREADCRUMB | 0x0010);

/**
 * Menu type -- A task specific to the parent item, usually rendered as a tab.
 *
 * Local tasks are menu items that describe actions to be performed on their
 * parent item. An example is the path "node/52/edit", which performs the
 * "edit" task on "node/52".
 */
define('MENU_LOCAL_TASK', MENU_IS_LOCAL_TASK | MENU_VISIBLE_IN_BREADCRUMB);

/**
 * Menu type -- The "default" local task, which is initially active.
 *
 * Every set of local tasks should provide one "default" task, that links to the
 * same path as its parent when clicked.
 */
define('MENU_DEFAULT_LOCAL_TASK', MENU_IS_LOCAL_TASK | MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT | MENU_VISIBLE_IN_BREADCRUMB);

/**
 * Menu type -- An action specific to the parent, usually rendered as a link.
 *
 * Local actions are menu items that describe actions on the parent item such
 * as adding a new user, taxonomy term, etc.
 */
define('MENU_LOCAL_ACTION', MENU_IS_LOCAL_TASK | MENU_IS_LOCAL_ACTION | MENU_VISIBLE_IN_BREADCRUMB);

/**
 * @} End of "Menu item types".
 */

/**
 * @defgroup menu_context_types Menu context types
 * @{
 * Flags for use in the "context" attribute of menu router items.
 */

/**
 * Internal menu flag: Invisible local task.
 *
 * This flag may be used for local tasks like "Delete", so custom modules and
 * themes can alter the default context and expose the task by altering menu.
 */
define('MENU_CONTEXT_NONE', 0x0000);

/**
 * Internal menu flag: Local task should be displayed in page context.
 */
define('MENU_CONTEXT_PAGE', 0x0001);

/**
 * Internal menu flag: Local task should be displayed inline.
 */
define('MENU_CONTEXT_INLINE', 0x0002);

/**
 * @} End of "Menu context types".
 */

/**
 * @defgroup menu_status_codes Menu status codes
 * @{
 * Status codes for menu callbacks.
 */

/**
 * Internal menu status code -- Menu item was found.
 */
define('MENU_FOUND', 1);

/**
 * Internal menu status code -- Menu item was not found.
 */
define('MENU_NOT_FOUND', 2);

/**
 * Internal menu status code -- Menu item access is denied.
 */
define('MENU_ACCESS_DENIED', 3);

/**
 * Internal menu status code -- Menu item inaccessible because site is offline.
 */
define('MENU_SITE_OFFLINE', 4);

/**
 * Internal menu status code -- Everything is working fine.
 */
define('MENU_SITE_ONLINE', 5);

/**
 * @} End of "Menu status codes".
 */

/**
 * @defgroup menu_tree_parameters Menu tree parameters
 * @{
 * Parameters for a menu tree.
 */

 /**
 * The maximum number of path elements for a menu callback
 */
define('MENU_MAX_PARTS', 9);


/**
 * The maximum depth of a menu links tree - matches the number of p columns.
 */
define('MENU_MAX_DEPTH', 9);


/**
 * @} End of "Menu tree parameters".
 */

/**
 * Reserved key to identify the most specific menu link for a given path.
 *
 * The value of this constant is a hash of the constant name. We use the hash
 * so that the reserved key is over 32 characters in length and will not
 * collide with allowed menu names:
 * @code
 * sha1('MENU_PREFERRED_LINK') = 1cf698d64d1aa4b83907cf6ed55db3a7f8e92c91
 * @endcode
 *
 * @see menu_link_get_preferred()
 */
define('MENU_PREFERRED_LINK', '1cf698d64d1aa4b83907cf6ed55db3a7f8e92c91');

/**
 * Returns the ancestors (and relevant placeholders) for any given path.
 *
 * For example, the ancestors of node/12345/edit are:
 * - node/12345/edit
 * - node/12345/%
 * - node/%/edit
 * - node/%/%
 * - node/12345
 * - node/%
 * - node
 *
 * To generate these, we will use binary numbers. Each bit represents a
 * part of the path. If the bit is 1, then it represents the original
 * value while 0 means wildcard. If the path is node/12/edit/foo
 * then the 1011 bitstring represents node/%/edit/foo where % means that
 * any argument matches that part. We limit ourselves to using binary
 * numbers that correspond the patterns of wildcards of router items that
 * actually exists. This list of 'masks' is built in menu_rebuild().
 *
 * @param $parts
 *   An array of path parts; for the above example, 
 *   array('node', '12345', 'edit').
 *
 * @return
 *   An array which contains the ancestors and placeholders. Placeholders
 *   simply contain as many '%s' as the ancestors.
 */
function menu_get_ancestors($parts) {
  $number_parts = count($parts);
  $ancestors = array();
  $length =  $number_parts - 1;
  $end = (1 << $number_parts) - 1;
  $masks = variable_get('menu_masks');
  // If the optimized menu_masks array is not available use brute force to get
  // the correct $ancestors and $placeholders returned. Do not use this as the
  // default value of the menu_masks variable to avoid building such a big
  // array.
  if (!$masks) {
    $masks = range(511, 1);
  }
  // Only examine patterns that actually exist as router items (the masks).
  foreach ($masks as $i) {
    if ($i > $end) {
      // Only look at masks that are not longer than the path of interest.
      continue;
    }
    elseif ($i < (1 << $length)) {
      // We have exhausted the masks of a given length, so decrease the length.
      --$length;
    }
    $current = '';
    for ($j = $length; $j >= 0; $j--) {
      // Check the bit on the $j offset.
      if ($i & (1 << $j)) {
        // Bit one means the original value.
        $current .= $parts[$length - $j];
      }
      else {
        // Bit zero means means wildcard.
        $current .= '%';
      }
      // Unless we are at offset 0, add a slash.
      if ($j) {
        $current .= '/';
      }
    }
    $ancestors[] = $current;
  }
  return $ancestors;
}

/**
 * Unserializes menu data, using a map to replace path elements.
 *
 * The menu system stores various path-related information (such as the 'page
 * arguments' and 'access arguments' components of a menu item) in the database
 * using serialized arrays, where integer values in the arrays represent
 * arguments to be replaced by values from the path. This function first
 * unserializes such menu information arrays, and then does the path
 * replacement.
 *
 * The path replacement acts on each integer-valued element of the unserialized
 * menu data array ($data) using a map array ($map, which is typically an array
 * of path arguments) as a list of replacements. For instance, if there is an
 * element of $data whose value is the number 2, then it is replaced in $data
 * with $map[2]; non-integer values in $data are left alone.
 *
 * As an example, an unserialized $data array with elements ('node_load', 1)
 * represents instructions for calling the node_load() function. Specifically,
 * this instruction says to use the path component at index 1 as the input
 * parameter to node_load(). If the path is 'node/123', then $map will be the
 * array ('node', 123), and the returned array from this function will have
 * elements ('node_load', 123), since $map[1] is 123. This return value will
 * indicate specifically that node_load(123) is to be called to load the node
 * whose ID is 123 for this menu item.
 *
 * @param $data
 *   A serialized array of menu data, as read from the database.
 * @param $map
 *   A path argument array, used to replace integer values in $data; an integer
 *   value N in $data will be replaced by value $map[N]. Typically, the $map
 *   array is generated from a call to the arg() function.
 *
 * @return
 *   The unserialized $data array, with path arguments replaced.
 */
function menu_unserialize($data, $map) {
  if ($data = unserialize($data)) {
    foreach ($data as $k => $v) {
      if (is_int($v)) {
        $data[$k] = isset($map[$v]) ? $map[$v] : '';
      }
    }
    return $data;
  }
  else {
    return array();
  }
}



/**
 * Replaces the statically cached item for a given path.
 *
 * @param $path
 *   The path.
 * @param $router_item
 *   The router item. Usually a router entry from menu_get_item() is either
 *   modified or set to a different path. This allows the navigation block,
 *   the page title, the breadcrumb, and the page help to be modified in one
 *   call.
 */
function menu_set_item($path, $router_item) {
  menu_get_item($path, $router_item);
}

/**
 * Gets a router item.
 *
 * @param $path
 *   The path; for example, 'node/5'. The function will find the corresponding
 *   node/% item and return that.
 * @param $router_item
 *   Internal use only.
 *
 * @return
 *   The router item or, if an error occurs in _menu_translate(), FALSE. A
 *   router item is an associative array corresponding to one row in the
 *   menu_router table. The value corresponding to the key 'map' holds the
 *   loaded objects. The value corresponding to the key 'access' is TRUE if the
 *   current user can access this page. The values corresponding to the keys
 *   'title', 'page_arguments', 'access_arguments', and 'theme_arguments' will
 *   be filled in based on the database values and the objects loaded.
 */
function menu_get_item($path = NULL, $router_item = NULL) {
  $router_items = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__);
  if (!isset($path)) {
    $path = $_GET['q'];
  }
  if (isset($router_item)) {
    $router_items[$path] = $router_item;
  }
  if (!isset($router_items[$path])) {
    // Rebuild if we know it's needed, or if the menu masks are missing which
    // occurs rarely, likely due to a race condition of multiple rebuilds.
    if (variable_get('menu_rebuild_needed', FALSE) || !variable_get('menu_masks', array())) {
      menu_rebuild();
    }
    $original_map = arg(NULL, $path);

    $parts = array_slice($original_map, 0, MENU_MAX_PARTS);
    $ancestors = menu_get_ancestors($parts);
    $router_item = db_query_range('SELECT * FROM {menu_router} WHERE path IN (:ancestors) ORDER BY fit DESC', 0, 1, array(':ancestors' => $ancestors))->fetchAssoc();

    if ($router_item) {
      // Allow modules to alter the router item before it is translated and
      // checked for access.
      drupal_alter('menu_get_item', $router_item, $path, $original_map);

      $map = _menu_translate($router_item, $original_map);
      $router_item['original_map'] = $original_map;
      if ($map === FALSE) {
        $router_items[$path] = FALSE;
        return FALSE;
      }
      if ($router_item['access']) {
        $router_item['map'] = $map;
        $router_item['page_arguments'] = array_merge(menu_unserialize($router_item['page_arguments'], $map), array_slice($map, $router_item['number_parts']));
        $router_item['theme_arguments'] = array_merge(menu_unserialize($router_item['theme_arguments'], $map), array_slice($map, $router_item['number_parts']));
      }
    }
    $router_items[$path] = $router_item;
  }
  return $router_items[$path];
}

/**
 * Execute the page callback associated with the current path.
 *
 * @param $path
 *   The drupal path whose handler is to be be executed. If set to NULL, then
 *   the current path is used.
 * @param $deliver
 *   (optional) A boolean to indicate whether the content should be sent to the
 *   browser using the appropriate delivery callback (TRUE) or whether to return
 *   the result to the caller (FALSE).
 */
function menu_execute_active_handler($path = NULL, $deliver = TRUE) {
  // Check if site is offline.
  $page_callback_result = _menu_site_is_offline() ? MENU_SITE_OFFLINE : MENU_SITE_ONLINE;

  // Allow other modules to change the site status but not the path because that
  // would not change the global variable. hook_url_inbound_alter() can be used
  // to change the path. Code later will not use the $read_only_path variable.
  $read_only_path = !empty($path) ? $path : $_GET['q'];
  drupal_alter('menu_site_status', $page_callback_result, $read_only_path);

  // Only continue if the site status is not set.
  if ($page_callback_result == MENU_SITE_ONLINE) {
    if ($router_item = menu_get_item($path)) {
      if ($router_item['access']) {
        if ($router_item['include_file']) {
          require_once DRUPAL_ROOT . '/' . $router_item['include_file'];
        }
        $page_callback_result = call_user_func_array($router_item['page_callback'], $router_item['page_arguments']);
      }
      else {
        $page_callback_result = MENU_ACCESS_DENIED;
      }
    }
    else {
      $page_callback_result = MENU_NOT_FOUND;
    }
  }

  // Deliver the result of the page callback to the browser, or if requested,
  // return it raw, so calling code can do more processing.
  if ($deliver) {
    $default_delivery_callback = (isset($router_item) && $router_item) ? $router_item['delivery_callback'] : NULL;
    drupal_deliver_page($page_callback_result, $default_delivery_callback);
  }
  else {
    return $page_callback_result;
  }
}

/**
 * Loads objects into the map as defined in the $item['load_functions'].
 *
 * @param $item
 *   A menu router or menu link item
 * @param $map
 *   An array of path arguments; for example, array('node', '5').
 *
 * @return
 *   Returns TRUE for success, FALSE if an object cannot be loaded.
 *   Names of object loading functions are placed in $item['load_functions'].
 *   Loaded objects are placed in $map[]; keys are the same as keys in the
 *   $item['load_functions'] array.
 *   $item['access'] is set to FALSE if an object cannot be loaded.
 */
function _menu_load_objects(&$item, &$map) {
  if ($load_functions = $item['load_functions']) {
    // If someone calls this function twice, then unserialize will fail.
    if (!is_array($load_functions)) {
      $load_functions = unserialize($load_functions);
    }
    $path_map = $map;
    foreach ($load_functions as $index => $function) {
      if ($function) {
        $value = isset($path_map[$index]) ? $path_map[$index] : '';
        if (is_array($function)) {
          // Set up arguments for the load function. These were pulled from
          // 'load arguments' in the hook_menu() entry, but they need
          // some processing. In this case the $function is the key to the
          // load_function array, and the value is the list of arguments.
          list($function, $args) = each($function);
          $load_functions[$index] = $function;

          // Some arguments are placeholders for dynamic items to process.
          foreach ($args as $i => $arg) {
            if ($arg === '%index') {
              // Pass on argument index to the load function, so multiple
              // occurrences of the same placeholder can be identified.
              $args[$i] = $index;
            }
            if ($arg === '%map') {
              // Pass on menu map by reference. The accepting function must
              // also declare this as a reference if it wants to modify
              // the map.
              $args[$i] = &$map;
            }
            if (is_int($arg)) {
              $args[$i] = isset($path_map[$arg]) ? $path_map[$arg] : '';
            }
          }
          array_unshift($args, $value);
          $return = call_user_func_array($function, $args);
        }
        else {
          $return = $function($value);
        }
        // If callback returned an error or there is no callback, trigger 404.
        if ($return === FALSE) {
          $item['access'] = FALSE;
          $map = FALSE;
          return FALSE;
        }
        $map[$index] = $return;
      }
    }
    $item['load_functions'] = $load_functions;
  }
  return TRUE;
}

/**
 * Checks access to a menu item using the access callback.
 *
 * @param $item
 *   A menu router or menu link item
 * @param $map
 *   An array of path arguments; for example, array('node', '5').
 *
 * @return
 *   $item['access'] becomes TRUE if the item is accessible, FALSE otherwise.
 */
function _menu_check_access(&$item, $map) {
  $item['access'] = FALSE;
  // Determine access callback, which will decide whether or not the current
  // user has access to this path.
  $callback = empty($item['access_callback']) ? 0 : trim($item['access_callback']);
  // Check for a TRUE or FALSE value.
  if (is_numeric($callback)) {
    $item['access'] = (bool) $callback;
  }
  else {
    $arguments = menu_unserialize($item['access_arguments'], $map);
    // As call_user_func_array is quite slow and user_access is a very common
    // callback, it is worth making a special case for it.
    if ($callback == 'user_access') {
      $item['access'] = (count($arguments) == 1) ? user_access($arguments[0]) : user_access($arguments[0], $arguments[1]);
    }
    elseif (function_exists($callback)) {
      $item['access'] = call_user_func_array($callback, $arguments);
    }
  }
}

/**
 * Localizes the router item title using t() or another callback.
 *
 * Translate the title and description to allow storage of English title
 * strings in the database, yet display of them in the language required
 * by the current user.
 *
 * @param $item
 *   A menu router item or a menu link item.
 * @param $map
 *   The path as an array with objects already replaced. E.g., for path
 *   node/123 $map would be array('node', $node) where $node is the node
 *   object for node 123.
 * @param $link_translate
 *   TRUE if we are translating a menu link item; FALSE if we are
 *   translating a menu router item.
 *
 * @return
 *   No return value.
 *   $item['title'] is localized according to $item['title_callback'].
 *   If an item's callback is check_plain(), $item['options']['html'] becomes
 *   TRUE.
 *   $item['description'] is translated using t().
 *   When doing link translation and the $item['options']['attributes']['title']
 *   (link title attribute) matches the description, it is translated as well.
 */
function _menu_item_localize(&$item, $map, $link_translate = FALSE) {
  $callback = $item['title_callback'];
  $item['localized_options'] = $item['options'];
  // All 'class' attributes are assumed to be an array during rendering, but
  // links stored in the database may use an old string value.
  // @todo In order to remove this code we need to implement a database update
  //   including unserializing all existing link options and running this code
  //   on them, as well as adding validation to menu_link_save().
  if (isset($item['options']['attributes']['class']) && is_string($item['options']['attributes']['class'])) {
    $item['localized_options']['attributes']['class'] = explode(' ', $item['options']['attributes']['class']);
  }
  // If we are translating the title of a menu link, and its title is the same
  // as the corresponding router item, then we can use the title information
  // from the router. If it's customized, then we need to use the link title
  // itself; can't localize.
  // If we are translating a router item (tabs, page, breadcrumb), then we
  // can always use the information from the router item.
  if (!$link_translate || ($item['title'] == $item['link_title'])) {
    // t() is a special case. Since it is used very close to all the time,
    // we handle it directly instead of using indirect, slower methods.
    if ($callback == 't') {
      if (empty($item['title_arguments'])) {
        $item['title'] = t($item['title']);
      }
      else {
        $item['title'] = t($item['title'], menu_unserialize($item['title_arguments'], $map));
      }
    }
    elseif ($callback && function_exists($callback)) {
      if (empty($item['title_arguments'])) {
        $item['title'] = $callback($item['title']);
      }
      else {
        $item['title'] = call_user_func_array($callback, menu_unserialize($item['title_arguments'], $map));
      }
      // Avoid calling check_plain again on l() function.
      if ($callback == 'check_plain') {
        $item['localized_options']['html'] = TRUE;
      }
    }
  }
  elseif ($link_translate) {
    $item['title'] = $item['link_title'];
  }

  // Translate description, see the motivation above.
  if (!empty($item['description'])) {
    $original_description = $item['description'];
    $item['description'] = t($item['description']);
    if ($link_translate && isset($item['options']['attributes']['title']) && $item['options']['attributes']['title'] == $original_description) {
      $item['localized_options']['attributes']['title'] = $item['description'];
    }
  }
}

/**
 * Handles dynamic path translation and menu access control.
 *
 * When a user arrives on a page such as node/5, this function determines
 * what "5" corresponds to, by inspecting the page's menu path definition,
 * node/%node. This will call node_load(5) to load the corresponding node
 * object.
 *
 * It also works in reverse, to allow the display of tabs and menu items which
 * contain these dynamic arguments, translating node/%node to node/5.
 *
 * Translation of menu item titles and descriptions are done here to
 * allow for storage of English strings in the database, and translation
 * to the language required to generate the current page.
 *
 * @param $router_item
 *   A menu router item
 * @param $map
 *   An array of path arguments; for example, array('node', '5').
 * @param $to_arg
 *   Execute $item['to_arg_functions'] or not. Use only if you want to render a
 *   path from the menu table, for example tabs.
 *
 * @return
 *   Returns the map with objects loaded as defined in the
 *   $item['load_functions']. $item['access'] becomes TRUE if the item is
 *   accessible, FALSE otherwise. $item['href'] is set according to the map.
 *   If an error occurs during calling the load_functions (like trying to load
 *   a non-existent node) then this function returns FALSE.
 */
function _menu_translate(&$router_item, $map, $to_arg = FALSE) {
  if ($to_arg && !empty($router_item['to_arg_functions'])) {
    // Fill in missing path elements, such as the current uid.
    _menu_link_map_translate($map, $router_item['to_arg_functions']);
  }
  // The $path_map saves the pieces of the path as strings, while elements in
  // $map may be replaced with loaded objects.
  $path_map = $map;
  if (!empty($router_item['load_functions']) && !_menu_load_objects($router_item, $map)) {
    // An error occurred loading an object.
    $router_item['access'] = FALSE;
    return FALSE;
  }

  // Generate the link path for the page request or local tasks.
  $link_map = explode('/', $router_item['path']);
  if (isset($router_item['tab_root'])) {
    $tab_root_map = explode('/', $router_item['tab_root']);
  }
  if (isset($router_item['tab_parent'])) {
    $tab_parent_map = explode('/', $router_item['tab_parent']);
  }
  for ($i = 0; $i < $router_item['number_parts']; $i++) {
    if ($link_map[$i] == '%') {
      $link_map[$i] = $path_map[$i];
    }
    if (isset($tab_root_map[$i]) && $tab_root_map[$i] == '%') {
      $tab_root_map[$i] = $path_map[$i];
    }
    if (isset($tab_parent_map[$i]) && $tab_parent_map[$i] == '%') {
      $tab_parent_map[$i] = $path_map[$i];
    }
  }
  $router_item['href'] = implode('/', $link_map);
  $router_item['tab_root_href'] = implode('/', $tab_root_map);
  $router_item['tab_parent_href'] = implode('/', $tab_parent_map);
  $router_item['options'] = array();
  _menu_check_access($router_item, $map);

  // For performance, don't localize an item the user can't access.
  if ($router_item['access']) {
    _menu_item_localize($router_item, $map);
  }

  return $map;
}

/**
 * Translates the path elements in the map using any to_arg helper function.
 *
 * @param $map
 *   An array of path arguments; for example, array('node', '5').
 * @param $to_arg_functions
 *   An array of helper functions; for example, array(2 => 'menu_tail_to_arg').
 *
 * @see hook_menu()
 */
function _menu_link_map_translate(&$map, $to_arg_functions) {
  $to_arg_functions = unserialize($to_arg_functions);
  foreach ($to_arg_functions as $index => $function) {
    // Translate place-holders into real values.
    $arg = $function(!empty($map[$index]) ? $map[$index] : '', $map, $index);
    if (!empty($map[$index]) || isset($arg)) {
      $map[$index] = $arg;
    }
    else {
      unset($map[$index]);
    }
  }
}

/**
 * Returns a string containing the path relative to the current index.
 */
function menu_tail_to_arg($arg, $map, $index) {
  return implode('/', array_slice($map, $index));
}

/**
 * Loads the path as one string relative to the current index.
 *
 * To use this load function, you must specify the load arguments
 * in the router item as:
 * @code
 * $item['load arguments'] = array('%map', '%index');
 * @endcode
 *
 * @see search_menu().
 */
function menu_tail_load($arg, &$map, $index) {
  $arg = implode('/', array_slice($map, $index));
  $map = array_slice($map, 0, $index);
  return $arg;
}

/**
 * Provides menu link access control, translation, and argument handling.
 *
 * This function is similar to _menu_translate(), but it also does
 * link-specific preparation (such as always calling to_arg() functions).
 *
 * @param $item
 *   A menu link.
 * @param $translate
 *   (optional) Whether to try to translate a link containing dynamic path
 *   argument placeholders (%) based on the menu router item of the current
 *   path. Defaults to FALSE. Internally used for breadcrumbs.
 *
 * @return
 *   Returns the map of path arguments with objects loaded as defined in the
 *   $item['load_functions'].
 *   $item['access'] becomes TRUE if the item is accessible, FALSE otherwise.
 *   $item['href'] is generated from link_path, possibly by to_arg functions.
 *   $item['title'] is generated from link_title, and may be localized.
 *   $item['options'] is unserialized; it is also changed within the call here
 *   to $item['localized_options'] by _menu_item_localize().
 */
function _menu_link_translate(&$item, $translate = FALSE) {
  if (!is_array($item['options'])) {
    $item['options'] = unserialize($item['options']);
  }
  if ($item['external']) {
    $item['access'] = 1;
    $map = array();
    $item['href'] = $item['link_path'];
    $item['title'] = $item['link_title'];
    $item['localized_options'] = $item['options'];
  }
  else {
    // Complete the path of the menu link with elements from the current path,
    // if it contains dynamic placeholders (%).
    $map = explode('/', $item['link_path']);
    if (strpos($item['link_path'], '%') !== FALSE) {
      // Invoke registered to_arg callbacks.
      if (!empty($item['to_arg_functions'])) {
        _menu_link_map_translate($map, $item['to_arg_functions']);
      }
      // Or try to derive the path argument map from the current router item,
      // if this $item's path is within the router item's path. This means
      // that if we are on the current path 'foo/%/bar/%/baz', then
      // menu_get_item() will have translated the menu router item for the
      // current path, and we can take over the argument map for a link like
      // 'foo/%/bar'. This inheritance is only valid for breadcrumb links.
      // @see _menu_tree_check_access()
      // @see menu_get_active_breadcrumb()
      elseif ($translate && ($current_router_item = menu_get_item())) {
        // If $translate is TRUE, then this link is in the active trail.
        // Only translate paths within the current path.
        if (strpos($current_router_item['path'], $item['link_path']) === 0) {
          $count = count($map);
          $map = array_slice($current_router_item['original_map'], 0, $count);
          $item['original_map'] = $map;
          if (isset($current_router_item['map'])) {
            $item['map'] = array_slice($current_router_item['map'], 0, $count);
          }
          // Reset access to check it (for the first time).
          unset($item['access']);
        }
      }
    }
    $item['href'] = implode('/', $map);

    // Skip links containing untranslated arguments.
    if (strpos($item['href'], '%') !== FALSE) {
      $item['access'] = FALSE;
      return FALSE;
    }
    // menu_tree_check_access() may set this ahead of time for links to nodes.
    if (!isset($item['access'])) {
      if (!empty($item['load_functions']) && !_menu_load_objects($item, $map)) {
        // An error occurred loading an object.
        $item['access'] = FALSE;
        return FALSE;
      }
      _menu_check_access($item, $map);
    }
    // For performance, don't localize a link the user can't access.
    if ($item['access']) {
      _menu_item_localize($item, $map, TRUE);
    }
  }

  // Allow other customizations - e.g. adding a page-specific query string to the
  // options array. For performance reasons we only invoke this hook if the link
  // has the 'alter' flag set in the options array.
  if (!empty($item['options']['alter'])) {
    drupal_alter('translated_menu_link', $item, $map);
  }

  return $map;
}

/**
 * Gets a loaded object from a router item.
 *
 * menu_get_object() provides access to objects loaded by the current router
 * item. For example, on the page node/%node, the router loads the %node object,
 * and calling menu_get_object() will return that. Normally, it is necessary to
 * specify the type of object referenced, however node is the default.
 * The following example tests to see whether the node being displayed is of the
 * "story" content type:
 * @code
 * $node = menu_get_object();
 * $story = $node->type == 'story';
 * @endcode
 *
 * @param $type
 *   Type of the object. These appear in hook_menu definitions as %type. Core
 *   provides aggregator_feed, aggregator_category, contact, filter_format,
 *   forum_term, menu, menu_link, node, taxonomy_vocabulary, user. See the
 *   relevant {$type}_load function for more on each. Defaults to node.
 * @param $position
 *   The position of the object in the path, where the first path segment is 0.
 *   For node/%node, the position of %node is 1, but for comment/reply/%node,
 *   it's 2. Defaults to 1.
 * @param $path
 *   See menu_get_item() for more on this. Defaults to the current path.
 */
function menu_get_object($type = 'node', $position = 1, $path = NULL) {
  $router_item = menu_get_item($path);
  if (isset($router_item['load_functions'][$position]) && !empty($router_item['map'][$position]) && $router_item['load_functions'][$position] == $type . '_load') {
    return $router_item['map'][$position];
  }
}

/**
 * Renders a menu tree based on the current path.
 *
 * The tree is expanded based on the current path and dynamic paths are also
 * changed according to the defined to_arg functions (for example the 'My
 * account' link is changed from user/% to a link with the current user's uid).
 *
 * @param $menu_name
 *   The name of the menu.
 *
 * @return
 *   A structured array representing the specified menu on the current page, to
 *   be rendered by drupal_render().
 */
function menu_tree($menu_name) {
  $menu_output = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__, array());

  if (!isset($menu_output[$menu_name])) {
    $tree = menu_tree_page_data($menu_name);
    $menu_output[$menu_name] = menu_tree_output($tree);
  }
  return $menu_output[$menu_name];
}

/**
 * Returns a rendered menu tree.
 *
 * The menu item's LI element is given one of the following classes:
 * - expanded: The menu item is showing its submenu.
 * - collapsed: The menu item has a submenu which is not shown.
 * - leaf: The menu item has no submenu.
 *
 * @param $tree
 *   A data structure representing the tree as returned from menu_tree_data.
 *
 * @return
 *   A structured array to be rendered by drupal_render().
 */
function menu_tree_output($tree) {
  $build = array();
  $items = array();

  // Pull out just the menu links we are going to render so that we
  // get an accurate count for the first/last classes.
  foreach ($tree as $data) {
    if ($data['link']['access'] && !$data['link']['hidden']) {
      $items[] = $data;
    }
  }

  $router_item = menu_get_item();
  $num_items = count($items);
  foreach ($items as $i => $data) {
    $class = array();
    if ($i == 0) {
      $class[] = 'first';
    }
    if ($i == $num_items - 1) {
      $class[] = 'last';
    }
    // Set a class for the <li>-tag. Since $data['below'] may contain local
    // tasks, only set 'expanded' class if the link also has children within
    // the current menu.
    if ($data['link']['has_children'] && $data['below']) {
      $class[] = 'expanded';
    }
    elseif ($data['link']['has_children']) {
      $class[] = 'collapsed';
    }
    else {
      $class[] = 'leaf';
    }
    // Set a class if the link is in the active trail.
    if ($data['link']['in_active_trail']) {
      $class[] = 'active-trail';
      $data['link']['localized_options']['attributes']['class'][] = 'active-trail';
    }
    // Normally, l() compares the href of every link with $_GET['q'] and sets
    // the active class accordingly. But local tasks do not appear in menu
    // trees, so if the current path is a local task, and this link is its
    // tab root, then we have to set the class manually.
    if ($data['link']['href'] == $router_item['tab_root_href'] && $data['link']['href'] != $_GET['q']) {
      $data['link']['localized_options']['attributes']['class'][] = 'active';
    }

    // Allow menu-specific theme overrides.
    $element['#theme'] = 'menu_link__' . strtr($data['link']['menu_name'], '-', '_');
    $element['#attributes']['class'] = $class;
    $element['#title'] = $data['link']['title'];
    $element['#href'] = $data['link']['href'];
    $element['#localized_options'] = !empty($data['link']['localized_options']) ? $data['link']['localized_options'] : array();
    $element['#below'] = $data['below'] ? menu_tree_output($data['below']) : $data['below'];
    $element['#original_link'] = $data['link'];
    // Index using the link's unique mlid.
    $build[$data['link']['mlid']] = $element;
  }
  if ($build) {
    // Make sure drupal_render() does not re-order the links.
    $build['#sorted'] = TRUE;
    // Add the theme wrapper for outer markup.
    // Allow menu-specific theme overrides.
    $build['#theme_wrappers'][] = 'menu_tree__' . strtr($data['link']['menu_name'], '-', '_');
  }

  return $build;
}

/**
 * Gets the data structure representing a named menu tree.
 *
 * Since this can be the full tree including hidden items, the data returned
 * may be used for generating an an admin interface or a select.
 *
 * @param $menu_name
 *   The named menu links to return
 * @param $link
 *   A fully loaded menu link, or NULL. If a link is supplied, only the
 *   path to root will be included in the returned tree - as if this link
 *   represented the current page in a visible menu.
 * @param $max_depth
 *   Optional maximum depth of links to retrieve. Typically useful if only one
 *   or two levels of a sub tree are needed in conjunction with a non-NULL
 *   $link, in which case $max_depth should be greater than $link['depth'].
 *
 * @return
 *   An tree of menu links in an array, in the order they should be rendered.
 */
function menu_tree_all_data($menu_name, $link = NULL, $max_depth = NULL) {
  $tree = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__, array());

  // Use $mlid as a flag for whether the data being loaded is for the whole tree.
  $mlid = isset($link['mlid']) ? $link['mlid'] : 0;
  // Generate a cache ID (cid) specific for this $menu_name, $link, $language, and depth.
  $cid = 'links:' . $menu_name . ':all:' . $mlid . ':' . $GLOBALS['language']->language . ':' . (int) $max_depth;

  if (!isset($tree[$cid])) {
    // If the static variable doesn't have the data, check {cache_menu}.
    $cache = cache_get($cid, 'cache_menu');
    if ($cache && isset($cache->data)) {
      // If the cache entry exists, it contains the parameters for
      // menu_build_tree().
      $tree_parameters = $cache->data;
    }
    // If the tree data was not in the cache, build $tree_parameters.
    if (!isset($tree_parameters)) {
      $tree_parameters = array(
        'min_depth' => 1,
        'max_depth' => $max_depth,
      );
      if ($mlid) {
        // The tree is for a single item, so we need to match the values in its
        // p columns and 0 (the top level) with the plid values of other links.
        $parents = array(0);
        for ($i = 1; $i < MENU_MAX_DEPTH; $i++) {
          if (!empty($link["p$i"])) {
            $parents[] = $link["p$i"];
          }
        }
        $tree_parameters['expanded'] = $parents;
        $tree_parameters['active_trail'] = $parents;
        $tree_parameters['active_trail'][] = $mlid;
      }

      // Cache the tree building parameters using the page-specific cid.
      cache_set($cid, $tree_parameters, 'cache_menu');
    }

    // Build the tree using the parameters; the resulting tree will be cached
    // by _menu_build_tree()).
    $tree[$cid] = menu_build_tree($menu_name, $tree_parameters);
  }

  return $tree[$cid];
}

/**
 * Sets the path for determining the active trail of the specified menu tree.
 *
 * This path will also affect the breadcrumbs under some circumstances.
 * Breadcrumbs are built using the preferred link returned by
 * menu_link_get_preferred(). If the preferred link is inside one of the menus
 * specified in calls to menu_tree_set_path(), the preferred link will be
 * overridden by the corresponding path returned by menu_tree_get_path().
 *
 * Setting this path does not affect the main content; for that use
 * menu_set_active_item() instead.
 *
 * @param $menu_name
 *   The name of the affected menu tree.
 * @param $path
 *   The path to use when finding the active trail.
 */
function menu_tree_set_path($menu_name, $path = NULL) {
  $paths = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__);
  if (isset($path)) {
    $paths[$menu_name] = $path;
  }
  return isset($paths[$menu_name]) ? $paths[$menu_name] : NULL;
}

/**
 * Gets the path for determining the active trail of the specified menu tree.
 *
 * @param $menu_name
 *   The menu name of the requested tree.
 *
 * @return
 *   A string containing the path. If no path has been specified with
 *   menu_tree_set_path(), NULL is returned.
 */
function menu_tree_get_path($menu_name) {
  return menu_tree_set_path($menu_name);
}

/**
 * Gets the data structure for a named menu tree, based on the current page.
 *
 * The tree order is maintained by storing each parent in an individual
 * field, see http://drupal.org/node/141866 for more.
 *
 * @param $menu_name
 *   The named menu links to return.
 * @param $max_depth
 *   (optional) The maximum depth of links to retrieve.
 * @param $only_active_trail
 *   (optional) Whether to only return the links in the active trail (TRUE)
 *   instead of all links on every level of the menu link tree (FALSE). Defaults
 *   to FALSE. Internally used for breadcrumbs only.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array of menu links, in the order they should be rendered. The array
 *   is a list of associative arrays -- these have two keys, link and below.
 *   link is a menu item, ready for theming as a link. Below represents the
 *   submenu below the link if there is one, and it is a subtree that has the
 *   same structure described for the top-level array.
 */
function menu_tree_page_data($menu_name, $max_depth = NULL, $only_active_trail = FALSE) {
  $tree = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__, array());

  // Check if the active trail has been overridden for this menu tree.
  $active_path = menu_tree_get_path($menu_name);
  // Load the menu item corresponding to the current page.
  if ($item = menu_get_item($active_path)) {
    if (isset($max_depth)) {
      $max_depth = min($max_depth, MENU_MAX_DEPTH);
    }
    // Generate a cache ID (cid) specific for this page.
    $cid = 'links:' . $menu_name . ':page:' . $item['href'] . ':' . $GLOBALS['language']->language . ':' . (int) $item['access'] . ':' . (int) $max_depth;
    // If we are asked for the active trail only, and $menu_name has not been
    // built and cached for this page yet, then this likely means that it
    // won't be built anymore, as this function is invoked from
    // template_process_page(). So in order to not build a giant menu tree
    // that needs to be checked for access on all levels, we simply check
    // whether we have the menu already in cache, or otherwise, build a minimum
    // tree containing the breadcrumb/active trail only.
    // @see menu_set_active_trail()
    if (!isset($tree[$cid]) && $only_active_trail) {
      $cid .= ':trail';
    }

    if (!isset($tree[$cid])) {
      // If the static variable doesn't have the data, check {cache_menu}.
      $cache = cache_get($cid, 'cache_menu');
      if ($cache && isset($cache->data)) {
        // If the cache entry exists, it contains the parameters for
        // menu_build_tree().
        $tree_parameters = $cache->data;
      }
      // If the tree data was not in the cache, build $tree_parameters.
      if (!isset($tree_parameters)) {
        $tree_parameters = array(
          'min_depth' => 1,
          'max_depth' => $max_depth,
        );
        // Parent mlids; used both as key and value to ensure uniqueness.
        // We always want all the top-level links with plid == 0.
        $active_trail = array(0 => 0);

        // If the item for the current page is accessible, build the tree
        // parameters accordingly.
        if ($item['access']) {
          // Find a menu link corresponding to the current path. If $active_path
          // is NULL, let menu_link_get_preferred() determine the path.
          if ($active_link = menu_link_get_preferred($active_path, $menu_name)) {
            // The active link may only be taken into account to build the
            // active trail, if it resides in the requested menu. Otherwise,
            // we'd needlessly re-run _menu_build_tree() queries for every menu
            // on every page.
            if ($active_link['menu_name'] == $menu_name) {
              // Use all the coordinates, except the last one because there
              // can be no child beyond the last column.
              for ($i = 1; $i < MENU_MAX_DEPTH; $i++) {
                if ($active_link['p' . $i]) {
                  $active_trail[$active_link['p' . $i]] = $active_link['p' . $i];
                }
              }
              // If we are asked to build links for the active trail only, skip
              // the entire 'expanded' handling.
              if ($only_active_trail) {
                $tree_parameters['only_active_trail'] = TRUE;
              }
            }
          }
          $parents = $active_trail;

          $expanded = variable_get('menu_expanded', array());
          // Check whether the current menu has any links set to be expanded.
          if (!$only_active_trail && in_array($menu_name, $expanded)) {
            // Collect all the links set to be expanded, and then add all of
            // their children to the list as well.
            do {
              $result = db_select('menu_links', NULL, array('fetch' => PDO::FETCH_ASSOC))
                ->fields('menu_links', array('mlid'))
                ->condition('menu_name', $menu_name)
                ->condition('expanded', 1)
                ->condition('has_children', 1)
                ->condition('plid', $parents, 'IN')
                ->condition('mlid', $parents, 'NOT IN')
                ->execute();
              $num_rows = FALSE;
              foreach ($result as $item) {
                $parents[$item['mlid']] = $item['mlid'];
                $num_rows = TRUE;
              }
            } while ($num_rows);
          }
          $tree_parameters['expanded'] = $parents;
          $tree_parameters['active_trail'] = $active_trail;
        }
        // If access is denied, we only show top-level links in menus.
        else {
          $tree_parameters['expanded'] = $active_trail;
          $tree_parameters['active_trail'] = $active_trail;
        }
        // Cache the tree building parameters using the page-specific cid.
        cache_set($cid, $tree_parameters, 'cache_menu');
      }

      // Build the tree using the parameters; the resulting tree will be cached
      // by _menu_build_tree().
      $tree[$cid] = menu_build_tree($menu_name, $tree_parameters);
    }
    return $tree[$cid];
  }

  return array();
}

/**
 * Builds a menu tree, translates links, and checks access.
 *
 * @param $menu_name
 *   The name of the menu.
 * @param $parameters
 *   (optional) An associative array of build parameters. Possible keys:
 *   - expanded: An array of parent link ids to return only menu links that are
 *     children of one of the plids in this list. If empty, the whole menu tree
 *     is built, unless 'only_active_trail' is TRUE.
 *   - active_trail: An array of mlids, representing the coordinates of the
 *     currently active menu link.
 *   - only_active_trail: Whether to only return links that are in the active
 *     trail. This option is ignored, if 'expanded' is non-empty. Internally
 *     used for breadcrumbs.
 *   - min_depth: The minimum depth of menu links in the resulting tree.
 *     Defaults to 1, which is the default to build a whole tree for a menu
 *     (excluding menu container itself).
 *   - max_depth: The maximum depth of menu links in the resulting tree.
 *   - conditions: An associative array of custom database select query
 *     condition key/value pairs; see _menu_build_tree() for the actual query.
 *
 * @return
 *   A fully built menu tree.
 */
function menu_build_tree($menu_name, array $parameters = array()) {
  // Build the menu tree.
  $data = _menu_build_tree($menu_name, $parameters);
  // Check access for the current user to each item in the tree.
  menu_tree_check_access($data['tree'], $data['node_links']);
  return $data['tree'];
}

/**
 * Builds a menu tree.
 *
 * This function may be used build the data for a menu tree only, for example
 * to further massage the data manually before further processing happens.
 * menu_tree_check_access() needs to be invoked afterwards.
 *
 * @see menu_build_tree()
 */
function _menu_build_tree($menu_name, array $parameters = array()) {
  // Static cache of already built menu trees.
  $trees = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__, array());

  // Build the cache id; sort parents to prevent duplicate storage and remove
  // default parameter values.
  if (isset($parameters['expanded'])) {
    sort($parameters['expanded']);
  }
  $tree_cid = 'links:' . $menu_name . ':tree-data:' . $GLOBALS['language']->language . ':' . hash('sha256', serialize($parameters));

  // If we do not have this tree in the static cache, check {cache_menu}.
  if (!isset($trees[$tree_cid])) {
    $cache = cache_get($tree_cid, 'cache_menu');
    if ($cache && isset($cache->data)) {
      $trees[$tree_cid] = $cache->data;
    }
  }

  if (!isset($trees[$tree_cid])) {
    // Select the links from the table, and recursively build the tree. We
    // LEFT JOIN since there is no match in {menu_router} for an external
    // link.
    $query = db_select('menu_links', 'ml', array('fetch' => PDO::FETCH_ASSOC));
    $query->addTag('translatable');
    $query->leftJoin('menu_router', 'm', 'm.path = ml.router_path');
    $query->fields('ml');
    $query->fields('m', array(
      'load_functions',
      'to_arg_functions',
      'access_callback',
      'access_arguments',
      'page_callback',
      'page_arguments',
      'delivery_callback',
      'tab_parent',
      'tab_root',
      'title',
      'title_callback',
      'title_arguments',
      'theme_callback',
      'theme_arguments',
      'type',
      'description',
    ));
    for ($i = 1; $i <= MENU_MAX_DEPTH; $i++) {
      $query->orderBy('p' . $i, 'ASC');
    }
    $query->condition('ml.menu_name', $menu_name);
    if (!empty($parameters['expanded'])) {
      $query->condition('ml.plid', $parameters['expanded'], 'IN');
    }
    elseif (!empty($parameters['only_active_trail'])) {
      $query->condition('ml.mlid', $parameters['active_trail'], 'IN');
    }
    $min_depth = (isset($parameters['min_depth']) ? $parameters['min_depth'] : 1);
    if ($min_depth != 1) {
      $query->condition('ml.depth', $min_depth, '>=');
    }
    if (isset($parameters['max_depth'])) {
      $query->condition('ml.depth', $parameters['max_depth'], '<=');
    }
    // Add custom query conditions, if any were passed.
    if (isset($parameters['conditions'])) {
      foreach ($parameters['conditions'] as $column => $value) {
        $query->condition($column, $value);
      }
    }

    // Build an ordered array of links using the query result object.
    $links = array();
    foreach ($query->execute() as $item) {
      $links[] = $item;
    }
    $active_trail = (isset($parameters['active_trail']) ? $parameters['active_trail'] : array());
    $data['tree'] = menu_tree_data($links, $active_trail, $min_depth);
    $data['node_links'] = array();
    menu_tree_collect_node_links($data['tree'], $data['node_links']);

    // Cache the data, if it is not already in the cache.
    cache_set($tree_cid, $data, 'cache_menu');
    $trees[$tree_cid] = $data;
  }

  return $trees[$tree_cid];
}

/**
 * Collects node links from a given menu tree recursively.
 *
 * @param $tree
 *   The menu tree you wish to collect node links from.
 * @param $node_links
 *   An array in which to store the collected node links.
 */
function menu_tree_collect_node_links(&$tree, &$node_links) {
  foreach ($tree as $key => $v) {
    if ($tree[$key]['link']['router_path'] == 'node/%') {
      $nid = substr($tree[$key]['link']['link_path'], 5);
      if (is_numeric($nid)) {
        $node_links[$nid][$tree[$key]['link']['mlid']] = &$tree[$key]['link'];
        $tree[$key]['link']['access'] = FALSE;
      }
    }
    if ($tree[$key]['below']) {
      menu_tree_collect_node_links($tree[$key]['below'], $node_links);
    }
  }
}

/**
 * Checks access and performs dynamic operations for each link in the tree.
 *
 * @param $tree
 *   The menu tree you wish to operate on.
 * @param $node_links
 *   A collection of node link references generated from $tree by
 *   menu_tree_collect_node_links().
 */
function menu_tree_check_access(&$tree, $node_links = array()) {
  if ($node_links) {
    $nids = array_keys($node_links);
    $select = db_select('node', 'n');
    $select->addField('n', 'nid');
    $select->condition('n.status', 1);
    $select->condition('n.nid', $nids, 'IN');
    $select->addTag('node_access');
    $nids = $select->execute()->fetchCol();
    foreach ($nids as $nid) {
      foreach ($node_links[$nid] as $mlid => $link) {
        $node_links[$nid][$mlid]['access'] = TRUE;
      }
    }
  }
  _menu_tree_check_access($tree);
}

/**
 * Sorts the menu tree and recursively checks access for each item.
 */
function _menu_tree_check_access(&$tree) {
  $new_tree = array();
  foreach ($tree as $key => $v) {
    $item = &$tree[$key]['link'];
    _menu_link_translate($item);
    if ($item['access'] || ($item['in_active_trail'] && strpos($item['href'], '%') !== FALSE)) {
      if ($tree[$key]['below']) {
        _menu_tree_check_access($tree[$key]['below']);
      }
      // The weights are made a uniform 5 digits by adding 50000 as an offset.
      // After _menu_link_translate(), $item['title'] has the localized link title.
      // Adding the mlid to the end of the index insures that it is unique.
      $new_tree[(50000 + $item['weight']) . ' ' . $item['title'] . ' ' . $item['mlid']] = $tree[$key];
    }
  }
  // Sort siblings in the tree based on the weights and localized titles.
  ksort($new_tree);
  $tree = $new_tree;
}

/**
 * Sorts and returns the built data representing a menu tree.
 *
 * @param $links
 *   A flat array of menu links that are part of the menu. Each array element
 *   is an associative array of information about the menu link, containing the
 *   fields from the {menu_links} table, and optionally additional information
 *   from the {menu_router} table, if the menu item appears in both tables.
 *   This array must be ordered depth-first. See _menu_build_tree() for a sample
 *   query.
 * @param $parents
 *   An array of the menu link ID values that are in the path from the current
 *   page to the root of the menu tree.
 * @param $depth
 *   The minimum depth to include in the returned menu tree.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array of menu links in the form of a tree. Each item in the tree is an
 *   associative array containing:
 *   - link: The menu link item from $links, with additional element
 *     'in_active_trail' (TRUE if the link ID was in $parents).
 *   - below: An array containing the sub-tree of this item, where each element
 *     is a tree item array with 'link' and 'below' elements. This array will be
 *     empty if the menu item has no items in its sub-tree having a depth
 *     greater than or equal to $depth.
 */
function menu_tree_data(array $links, array $parents = array(), $depth = 1) {
  // Reverse the array so we can use the more efficient array_pop() function.
  $links = array_reverse($links);
  return _menu_tree_data($links, $parents, $depth);
}

/**
 * Builds the data representing a menu tree.
 *
 * The function is a bit complex because the rendering of a link depends on
 * the next menu link.
 */
function _menu_tree_data(&$links, $parents, $depth) {
  $tree = array();
  while ($item = array_pop($links)) {
    // We need to determine if we're on the path to root so we can later build
    // the correct active trail and breadcrumb.
    $item['in_active_trail'] = in_array($item['mlid'], $parents);
    // Add the current link to the tree.
    $tree[$item['mlid']] = array(
      'link' => $item,
      'below' => array(),
    );
    // Look ahead to the next link, but leave it on the array so it's available
    // to other recursive function calls if we return or build a sub-tree.
    $next = end($links);
    // Check whether the next link is the first in a new sub-tree.
    if ($next && $next['depth'] > $depth) {
      // Recursively call _menu_tree_data to build the sub-tree.
      $tree[$item['mlid']]['below'] = _menu_tree_data($links, $parents, $next['depth']);
      // Fetch next link after filling the sub-tree.
      $next = end($links);
    }
    // Determine if we should exit the loop and return.
    if (!$next || $next['depth'] < $depth) {
      break;
    }
  }
  return $tree;
}

/**
 * Implements template_preprocess_HOOK() for theme_menu_tree().
 */
function template_preprocess_menu_tree(&$variables) {
  $variables['tree'] = $variables['tree']['#children'];
}

/**
 * Returns HTML for a wrapper for a menu sub-tree.
 *
 * @param $variables
 *   An associative array containing:
 *   - tree: An HTML string containing the tree's items.
 *
 * @see template_preprocess_menu_tree()
 * @ingroup themeable
 */
function theme_menu_tree($variables) {
  return '<ul class="menu">' . $variables['tree'] . '</ul>';
}

/**
 * Returns HTML for a menu link and submenu.
 *
 * @param $variables
 *   An associative array containing:
 *   - element: Structured array data for a menu link.
 *
 * @ingroup themeable
 */
function theme_menu_link(array $variables) {
  $element = $variables['element'];
  $sub_menu = '';

  if ($element['#below']) {
    $sub_menu = drupal_render($element['#below']);
  }
  $output = l($element['#title'], $element['#href'], $element['#localized_options']);
  return '<li' . drupal_attributes($element['#attributes']) . '>' . $output . $sub_menu . "</li>\n";
}

/**
 * Returns HTML for a single local task link.
 *
 * @param $variables
 *   An associative array containing:
 *   - element: A render element containing:
 *     - #link: A menu link array with 'title', 'href', and 'localized_options'
 *       keys.
 *     - #active: A boolean indicating whether the local task is active.
 *
 * @ingroup themeable
 */
function theme_menu_local_task($variables) {
  $link = $variables['element']['#link'];
  $link_text = $link['title'];

  if (!empty($variables['element']['#active'])) {
    // Add text to indicate active tab for non-visual users.
    $active = '<span class="element-invisible">' . t('(active tab)') . '</span>';

    // If the link does not contain HTML already, check_plain() it now.
    // After we set 'html'=TRUE the link will not be sanitized by l().
    if (empty($link['localized_options']['html'])) {
      $link['title'] = check_plain($link['title']);
    }
    $link['localized_options']['html'] = TRUE;
    $link_text = t('!local-task-title!active', array('!local-task-title' => $link['title'], '!active' => $active));
  }

  return '<li' . (!empty($variables['element']['#active']) ? ' class="active"' : '') . '>' . l($link_text, $link['href'], $link['localized_options']) . "</li>\n";
}

/**
 * Returns HTML for a single local action link.
 *
 * @param $variables
 *   An associative array containing:
 *   - element: A render element containing:
 *     - #link: A menu link array with 'title', 'href', and 'localized_options'
 *       keys.
 *
 * @ingroup themeable
 */
function theme_menu_local_action($variables) {
  $link = $variables['element']['#link'];

  $output = '<li>';
  if (isset($link['href'])) {
    $output .= l($link['title'], $link['href'], isset($link['localized_options']) ? $link['localized_options'] : array());
  }
  elseif (!empty($link['localized_options']['html'])) {
    $output .= $link['title'];
  }
  else {
    $output .= check_plain($link['title']);
  }
  $output .= "</li>\n";

  return $output;
}

/**
 * Generates elements for the $arg array in the help hook.
 */
function drupal_help_arg($arg = array()) {
  // Note - the number of empty elements should be > MENU_MAX_PARTS.
  return $arg + array('', '', '', '', '', '', '', '', '', '', '', '');
}

/**
 * Returns the help associated with the active menu item.
 */
function menu_get_active_help() {
  $output = '';
  $router_path = menu_tab_root_path();
  // We will always have a path unless we are on a 403 or 404.
  if (!$router_path) {
    return '';
  }

  $arg = drupal_help_arg(arg(NULL));

  foreach (module_implements('help') as $module) {
    $function = $module . '_help';
    // Lookup help for this path.
    if ($help = $function($router_path, $arg)) {
      $output .= $help . "\n";
    }
  }
  return $output;
}

/**
 * Gets the custom theme for the current page, if there is one.
 *
 * @param $initialize
 *   This parameter should only be used internally; it is set to TRUE in order
 *   to force the custom theme to be initialized for the current page request.
 *
 * @return
 *   The machine-readable name of the custom theme, if there is one.
 *
 * @see menu_set_custom_theme()
 */
function menu_get_custom_theme($initialize = FALSE) {
  $custom_theme = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__);
  // Skip this if the site is offline or being installed or updated, since the
  // menu system may not be correctly initialized then.
  if ($initialize && !_menu_site_is_offline(TRUE) && (!defined('MAINTENANCE_MODE') || (MAINTENANCE_MODE != 'update' && MAINTENANCE_MODE != 'install'))) {
    // First allow modules to dynamically set a custom theme for the current
    // page. Since we can only have one, the last module to return a valid
    // theme takes precedence.
    $custom_themes = array_filter(module_invoke_all('custom_theme'), 'drupal_theme_access');
    if (!empty($custom_themes)) {
      $custom_theme = array_pop($custom_themes);
    }
    // If there is a theme callback function for the current page, execute it.
    // If this returns a valid theme, it will override any theme that was set
    // by a hook_custom_theme() implementation above.
    $router_item = menu_get_item();
    if (!empty($router_item['access']) && !empty($router_item['theme_callback']) && function_exists($router_item['theme_callback'])) {
      $theme_name = call_user_func_array($router_item['theme_callback'], $router_item['theme_arguments']);
      if (drupal_theme_access($theme_name)) {
        $custom_theme = $theme_name;
      }
    }
  }
  return $custom_theme;
}

/**
 * Sets a custom theme for the current page, if there is one.
 */
function menu_set_custom_theme() {
  menu_get_custom_theme(TRUE);
}

/**
 * Build a list of named menus.
 */
function menu_get_names() {
  $names = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__);

  if (empty($names)) {
    $names = db_select('menu_links')
      ->distinct()
      ->fields('menu_links', array('menu_name'))
      ->orderBy('menu_name')
      ->execute()->fetchCol();
  }
  return $names;
}

/**
 * Returns an array containing the names of system-defined (default) menus.
 */
function menu_list_system_menus() {
  return array(
    'navigation' => 'Navigation',
    'management' => 'Management',
    'user-menu' => 'User menu',
    'main-menu' => 'Main menu',
  );
}

/**
 * Returns an array of links to be rendered as the Main menu.
 */
function menu_main_menu() {
  return menu_navigation_links(variable_get('menu_main_links_source', 'main-menu'));
}

/**
 * Returns an array of links to be rendered as the Secondary links.
 */
function menu_secondary_menu() {

  // If the secondary menu source is set as the primary menu, we display the
  // second level of the primary menu.
  if (variable_get('menu_secondary_links_source', 'user-menu') == variable_get('menu_main_links_source', 'main-menu')) {
    return menu_navigation_links(variable_get('menu_main_links_source', 'main-menu'), 1);
  }
  else {
    return menu_navigation_links(variable_get('menu_secondary_links_source', 'user-menu'), 0);
  }
}

/**
 * Returns an array of links for a navigation menu.
 *
 * @param $menu_name
 *   The name of the menu.
 * @param $level
 *   Optional, the depth of the menu to be returned.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array of links of the specified menu and level.
 */
function menu_navigation_links($menu_name, $level = 0) {
  // Don't even bother querying the menu table if no menu is specified.
  if (empty($menu_name)) {
    return array();
  }

  // Get the menu hierarchy for the current page.
  $tree = menu_tree_page_data($menu_name, $level + 1);

  // Go down the active trail until the right level is reached.
  while ($level-- > 0 && $tree) {
    // Loop through the current level's items until we find one that is in trail.
    while ($item = array_shift($tree)) {
      if ($item['link']['in_active_trail']) {
        // If the item is in the active trail, we continue in the subtree.
        $tree = empty($item['below']) ? array() : $item['below'];
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  // Create a single level of links.
  $router_item = menu_get_item();
  $links = array();
  foreach ($tree as $item) {
    if (!$item['link']['hidden']) {
      $class = '';
      $l = $item['link']['localized_options'];
      $l['href'] = $item['link']['href'];
      $l['title'] = $item['link']['title'];
      if ($item['link']['in_active_trail']) {
        $class = ' active-trail';
        $l['attributes']['class'][] = 'active-trail';
      }
      // Normally, l() compares the href of every link with $_GET['q'] and sets
      // the active class accordingly. But local tasks do not appear in menu
      // trees, so if the current path is a local task, and this link is its
      // tab root, then we have to set the class manually.
      if ($item['link']['href'] == $router_item['tab_root_href'] && $item['link']['href'] != $_GET['q']) {
        $l['attributes']['class'][] = 'active';
      }
      // Keyed with the unique mlid to generate classes in theme_links().
      $links['menu-' . $item['link']['mlid'] . $class] = $l;
    }
  }
  return $links;
}

/**
 * Collects the local tasks (tabs), action links, and the root path.
 *
 * @param $level
 *   The level of tasks you ask for. Primary tasks are 0, secondary are 1.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array containing
 *   - tabs: Local tasks for the requested level:
 *     - count: The number of local tasks.
 *     - output: The themed output of local tasks.
 *   - actions: Action links for the requested level:
 *     - count: The number of action links.
 *     - output: The themed output of action links.
 *   - root_path: The router path for the current page. If the current page is
 *     a default local task, then this corresponds to the parent tab.
 */
function menu_local_tasks($level = 0) {
  $data = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__);
  $root_path = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__ . ':root_path', '');
  $empty = array(
    'tabs' => array('count' => 0, 'output' => array()),
    'actions' => array('count' => 0, 'output' => array()),
    'root_path' => &$root_path,
  );

  if (!isset($data)) {
    $data = array();
    // Set defaults in case there are no actions or tabs.
    $actions = $empty['actions'];
    $tabs = array();

    $router_item = menu_get_item();

    // If this router item points to its parent, start from the parents to
    // compute tabs and actions.
    if ($router_item && ($router_item['type'] & MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT)) {
      $router_item = menu_get_item($router_item['tab_parent_href']);
    }

    // If we failed to fetch a router item or the current user doesn't have
    // access to it, don't bother computing the tabs.
    if (!$router_item || !$router_item['access']) {
      return $empty;
    }

    // Get all tabs (also known as local tasks) and the root page.
    $cid = 'local_tasks:' . $router_item['tab_root'];
    if ($cache = cache_get($cid, 'cache_menu')) {
      $result = $cache->data;
    }
    else {
      $result = db_select('menu_router', NULL, array('fetch' => PDO::FETCH_ASSOC))
        ->fields('menu_router')
        ->condition('tab_root', $router_item['tab_root'])
        ->condition('context', MENU_CONTEXT_INLINE, '<>')
        ->orderBy('weight')
        ->orderBy('title')
        ->execute()
        ->fetchAll();
      cache_set($cid, $result, 'cache_menu');
    }
    $map = $router_item['original_map'];
    $children = array();
    $tasks = array();
    $root_path = $router_item['path'];

    foreach ($result as $item) {
      _menu_translate($item, $map, TRUE);
      if ($item['tab_parent']) {
        // All tabs, but not the root page.
        $children[$item['tab_parent']][$item['path']] = $item;
      }
      // Store the translated item for later use.
      $tasks[$item['path']] = $item;
    }

    // Find all tabs below the current path.
    $path = $router_item['path'];
    // Tab parenting may skip levels, so the number of parts in the path may not
    // equal the depth. Thus we use the $depth counter (offset by 1000 for ksort).
    $depth = 1001;
    $actions['count'] = 0;
    $actions['output'] = array();
    while (isset($children[$path])) {
      $tabs_current = array();
      $actions_current = array();
      $next_path = '';
      $tab_count = 0;
      $action_count = 0;
      foreach ($children[$path] as $item) {
        // Local tasks can be normal items too, so bitmask with
        // MENU_IS_LOCAL_TASK before checking.
        if (!($item['type'] & MENU_IS_LOCAL_TASK)) {
          // This item is not a tab, skip it.
          continue;
        }
        if ($item['access']) {
          $link = $item;
          // The default task is always active. As tabs can be normal items
          // too, so bitmask with MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT before checking.
          if (($item['type'] & MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT) == MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT) {
            // Find the first parent which is not a default local task or action.
            for ($p = $item['tab_parent']; ($tasks[$p]['type'] & MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT) == MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT; $p = $tasks[$p]['tab_parent']);
            // Use the path of the parent instead.
            $link['href'] = $tasks[$p]['href'];
            // Mark the link as active, if the current path happens to be the
            // path of the default local task itself (i.e., instead of its
            // tab_parent_href or tab_root_href). Normally, links for default
            // local tasks link to their parent, but the path of default local
            // tasks can still be accessed directly, in which case this link
            // would not be marked as active, since l() only compares the href
            // with $_GET['q'].
            if ($link['href'] != $_GET['q']) {
              $link['localized_options']['attributes']['class'][] = 'active';
            }
            $tabs_current[] = array(
              '#theme' => 'menu_local_task',
              '#link' => $link,
              '#active' => TRUE,
            );
            $next_path = $item['path'];
            $tab_count++;
          }
          else {
            // Actions can be normal items too, so bitmask with
            // MENU_IS_LOCAL_ACTION before checking.
            if (($item['type'] & MENU_IS_LOCAL_ACTION) == MENU_IS_LOCAL_ACTION) {
              // The item is an action, display it as such.
              $actions_current[] = array(
                '#theme' => 'menu_local_action',
                '#link' => $link,
              );
              $action_count++;
            }
            else {
              // Otherwise, it's a normal tab.
              $tabs_current[] = array(
                '#theme' => 'menu_local_task',
                '#link' => $link,
              );
              $tab_count++;
            }
          }
        }
      }
      $path = $next_path;
      $tabs[$depth]['count'] = $tab_count;
      $tabs[$depth]['output'] = $tabs_current;
      $actions['count'] += $action_count;
      $actions['output'] = array_merge($actions['output'], $actions_current);
      $depth++;
    }
    $data['actions'] = $actions;
    // Find all tabs at the same level or above the current one.
    $parent = $router_item['tab_parent'];
    $path = $router_item['path'];
    $current = $router_item;
    $depth = 1000;
    while (isset($children[$parent])) {
      $tabs_current = array();
      $next_path = '';
      $next_parent = '';
      $count = 0;
      foreach ($children[$parent] as $item) {
        // Skip local actions.
        if ($item['type'] & MENU_IS_LOCAL_ACTION) {
          continue;
        }
        if ($item['access']) {
          $count++;
          $link = $item;
          // Local tasks can be normal items too, so bitmask with
          // MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT before checking.
          if (($item['type'] & MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT) == MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT) {
            // Find the first parent which is not a default local task.
            for ($p = $item['tab_parent']; ($tasks[$p]['type'] & MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT) == MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT; $p = $tasks[$p]['tab_parent']);
            // Use the path of the parent instead.
            $link['href'] = $tasks[$p]['href'];
            if ($item['path'] == $router_item['path']) {
              $root_path = $tasks[$p]['path'];
            }
          }
          // We check for the active tab.
          if ($item['path'] == $path) {
            // Mark the link as active, if the current path is a (second-level)
            // local task of a default local task. Since this default local task
            // links to its parent, l() will not mark it as active, as it only
            // compares the link's href to $_GET['q'].
            if ($link['href'] != $_GET['q']) {
              $link['localized_options']['attributes']['class'][] = 'active';
            }
            $tabs_current[] = array(
              '#theme' => 'menu_local_task',
              '#link' => $link,
              '#active' => TRUE,
            );
            $next_path = $item['tab_parent'];
            if (isset($tasks[$next_path])) {
              $next_parent = $tasks[$next_path]['tab_parent'];
            }
          }
          else {
            $tabs_current[] = array(
              '#theme' => 'menu_local_task',
              '#link' => $link,
            );
          }
        }
      }
      $path = $next_path;
      $parent = $next_parent;
      $tabs[$depth]['count'] = $count;
      $tabs[$depth]['output'] = $tabs_current;
      $depth--;
    }
    // Sort by depth.
    ksort($tabs);
    // Remove the depth, we are interested only in their relative placement.
    $tabs = array_values($tabs);
    $data['tabs'] = $tabs;

    // Allow modules to alter local tasks or dynamically append further tasks.
    drupal_alter('menu_local_tasks', $data, $router_item, $root_path);
  }

  if (isset($data['tabs'][$level])) {
    return array(
      'tabs' => $data['tabs'][$level],
      'actions' => $data['actions'],
      'root_path' => $root_path,
    );
  }
  // @todo If there are no tabs, then there still can be actions; for example,
  //   when added via hook_menu_local_tasks_alter().
  elseif (!empty($data['actions']['output'])) {
    return array('actions' => $data['actions']) + $empty;
  }
  return $empty;
}

/**
 * Retrieves contextual links for a path based on registered local tasks.
 *
 * This leverages the menu system to retrieve the first layer of registered
 * local tasks for a given system path. All local tasks of the tab type
 * MENU_CONTEXT_INLINE are taken into account.
 *
 * For example, when considering the following registered local tasks:
 * - node/%node/view (default local task) with no 'context' defined
 * - node/%node/edit with context: MENU_CONTEXT_PAGE | MENU_CONTEXT_INLINE
 * - node/%node/revisions with context: MENU_CONTEXT_PAGE
 * - node/%node/report-as-spam with context: MENU_CONTEXT_INLINE
 *
 * If the path "node/123" is passed to this function, then it will return the
 * links for 'edit' and 'report-as-spam'.
 *
 * @param $module
 *   The name of the implementing module. This is used to prefix the key for
 *   each contextual link, which is transformed into a CSS class during
 *   rendering by theme_links(). For example, if $module is 'block' and the
 *   retrieved local task path argument is 'edit', then the resulting CSS class
 *   will be 'block-edit'.
 * @param $parent_path
 *   The static menu router path of the object to retrieve local tasks for, for
 *   example 'node' or 'admin/structure/block/manage'.
 * @param $args
 *   A list of dynamic path arguments to append to $parent_path to form the
 *   fully-qualified menu router path; for example, array(123) for a certain
 *   node or array('system', 'navigation') for a certain block.
 *
 * @return
 *   A list of menu router items that are local tasks for the passed-in path.
 *
 * @see contextual_links_preprocess()
 * @see hook_menu()
 */
function menu_contextual_links($module, $parent_path, $args) {
  static $path_empty = array();

  $links = array();
  // Performance: In case a previous invocation for the same parent path did not
  // return any links, we immediately return here.
  if (isset($path_empty[$parent_path]) && strpos($parent_path, '%') !== FALSE) {
    return $links;
  }
  // Construct the item-specific parent path.
  $path = $parent_path . '/' . implode('/', $args);

  // Get the router item for the given parent link path.
  $router_item = menu_get_item($path);
  if (!$router_item || !$router_item['access']) {
    $path_empty[$parent_path] = TRUE;
    return $links;
  }
  $data = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__, array());
  $root_path = $router_item['path'];

  // Performance: For a single, normalized path (such as 'node/%') we only query
  // available tasks once per request.
  if (!isset($data[$root_path])) {
    // Get all contextual links that are direct children of the router item and
    // not of the tab type 'view'.
    $data[$root_path] = db_select('menu_router', 'm')
      ->fields('m')
      ->condition('tab_parent', $router_item['tab_root'])
      ->condition('context', MENU_CONTEXT_NONE, '<>')
      ->condition('context', MENU_CONTEXT_PAGE, '<>')
      ->orderBy('weight')
      ->orderBy('title')
      ->execute()
      ->fetchAllAssoc('path', PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
  }
  $parent_length = drupal_strlen($root_path) + 1;
  $map = $router_item['original_map'];
  foreach ($data[$root_path] as $item) {
    // Extract the actual "task" string from the path argument.
    $key = drupal_substr($item['path'], $parent_length);

    // Denormalize and translate the contextual link.
    _menu_translate($item, $map, TRUE);
    if (!$item['access']) {
      continue;
    }
    // All contextual links are keyed by the actual "task" path argument,
    // prefixed with the name of the implementing module.
    $links[$module . '-' . $key] = $item;
  }

  // Allow modules to alter contextual links.
  drupal_alter('menu_contextual_links', $links, $router_item, $root_path);

  // Performance: If the current user does not have access to any links for this
  // router path and no other module added further links, we assign FALSE here
  // to skip the entire process the next time the same router path is requested.
  if (empty($links)) {
    $path_empty[$parent_path] = TRUE;
  }

  return $links;
}

/**
 * Returns the rendered local tasks at the top level.
 */
function menu_primary_local_tasks() {
  $links = menu_local_tasks(0);
  // Do not display single tabs.
  return ($links['tabs']['count'] > 1 ? $links['tabs']['output'] : '');
}

/**
 * Returns the rendered local tasks at the second level.
 */
function menu_secondary_local_tasks() {
  $links = menu_local_tasks(1);
  // Do not display single tabs.
  return ($links['tabs']['count'] > 1 ? $links['tabs']['output'] : '');
}

/**
 * Returns the rendered local actions at the current level.
 */
function menu_local_actions() {
  $links = menu_local_tasks();
  return $links['actions']['output'];
}

/**
 * Returns the router path, or the path for a default local task's parent.
 */
function menu_tab_root_path() {
  $links = menu_local_tasks();
  return $links['root_path'];
}

/**
 * Returns a renderable element for the primary and secondary tabs.
 */
function menu_local_tabs() {
  return array(
    '#theme' => 'menu_local_tasks',
    '#primary' => menu_primary_local_tasks(),
    '#secondary' => menu_secondary_local_tasks(),
  );
}

/**
 * Returns HTML for primary and secondary local tasks.
 *
 * @param $variables
 *   An associative array containing:
 *     - primary: (optional) An array of local tasks (tabs).
 *     - secondary: (optional) An array of local tasks (tabs).
 *
 * @ingroup themeable
 * @see menu_local_tasks()
 */
function theme_menu_local_tasks(&$variables) {
  $output = '';

  if (!empty($variables['primary'])) {
    $variables['primary']['#prefix'] = '<h2 class="element-invisible">' . t('Primary tabs') . '</h2>';
    $variables['primary']['#prefix'] .= '<ul class="tabs primary">';
    $variables['primary']['#suffix'] = '</ul>';
    $output .= drupal_render($variables['primary']);
  }
  if (!empty($variables['secondary'])) {
    $variables['secondary']['#prefix'] = '<h2 class="element-invisible">' . t('Secondary tabs') . '</h2>';
    $variables['secondary']['#prefix'] .= '<ul class="tabs secondary">';
    $variables['secondary']['#suffix'] = '</ul>';
    $output .= drupal_render($variables['secondary']);
  }

  return $output;
}

/**
 * Sets (or gets) the active menu for the current page.
 *
 * The active menu for the page determines the active trail.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array of menu machine names, in order of preference. The
 *   'menu_default_active_menus' variable may be used to assert a menu order
 *   different from the order of creation, or to prevent a particular menu from
 *   being used at all in the active trail.
 *   E.g., $conf['menu_default_active_menus'] = array('navigation', 'main-menu')
 */
function menu_set_active_menu_names($menu_names = NULL) {
  $active = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__);

  if (isset($menu_names) && is_array($menu_names)) {
    $active = $menu_names;
  }
  elseif (!isset($active)) {
    $active = variable_get('menu_default_active_menus', array_keys(menu_list_system_menus()));
  }
  return $active;
}

/**
 * Gets the active menu for the current page.
 */
function menu_get_active_menu_names() {
  return menu_set_active_menu_names();
}

/**
 * Sets the active path, which determines which page is loaded.
 *
 * Note that this may not have the desired effect unless invoked very early
 * in the page load, such as during hook_boot(), or unless you call
 * menu_execute_active_handler() to generate your page output.
 *
 * @param $path
 *   A Drupal path - not a path alias.
 */
function menu_set_active_item($path) {
  $_GET['q'] = $path;
  // Since the active item has changed, the active menu trail may also be out
  // of date.
  drupal_static_reset('menu_set_active_trail');
}

/**
 * Sets the active trail (path to the menu tree root) of the current page.
 *
 * Any trail set by this function will only be used for functionality that calls
 * menu_get_active_trail(). Drupal core only uses trails set here for
 * breadcrumbs and the page title and not for menu trees or page content.
 * Additionally, breadcrumbs set by drupal_set_breadcrumb() will override any
 * trail set here.
 *
 * To affect the trail used by menu trees, use menu_tree_set_path(). To affect
 * the page content, use menu_set_active_item() instead.
 *
 * @param $new_trail
 *   Menu trail to set; the value is saved in a static variable and can be
 *   retrieved by menu_get_active_trail(). The format of this array should be
 *   the same as the return value of menu_get_active_trail().
 *
 * @return
 *   The active trail. See menu_get_active_trail() for details.
 */
function menu_set_active_trail($new_trail = NULL) {
  $trail = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__);

  if (isset($new_trail)) {
    $trail = $new_trail;
  }
  elseif (!isset($trail)) {
    $trail = array();
    $trail[] = array(
      'title' => t('Home'),
      'href' => '<front>',
      'link_path' => '',
      'localized_options' => array(),
      'type' => 0,
    );

    // Try to retrieve a menu link corresponding to the current path. If more
    // than one exists, the link from the most preferred menu is returned.
    $preferred_link = menu_link_get_preferred();
    $current_item = menu_get_item();

    // There is a link for the current path.
    if ($preferred_link) {
      // Pass TRUE for $only_active_trail to make menu_tree_page_data() build
      // a stripped down menu tree containing the active trail only, in case
      // the given menu has not been built in this request yet.
      $tree = menu_tree_page_data($preferred_link['menu_name'], NULL, TRUE);
      list($key, $curr) = each($tree);
    }
    // There is no link for the current path.
    else {
      $preferred_link = $current_item;
      $curr = FALSE;
    }

    while ($curr) {
      $link = $curr['link'];
      if ($link['in_active_trail']) {
        // Add the link to the trail, unless it links to its parent.
        if (!($link['type'] & MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT)) {
          // The menu tree for the active trail may contain additional links
          // that have not been translated yet, since they contain dynamic
          // argument placeholders (%). Such links are not contained in regular
          // menu trees, and have only been loaded for the additional
          // translation that happens here, so as to be able to display them in
          // the breadcumb for the current page.
          // @see _menu_tree_check_access()
          // @see _menu_link_translate()
          if (strpos($link['href'], '%') !== FALSE) {
            _menu_link_translate($link, TRUE);
          }
          if ($link['access']) {
            $trail[] = $link;
          }
        }
        $tree = $curr['below'] ? $curr['below'] : array();
      }
      list($key, $curr) = each($tree);
    }
    // Make sure the current page is in the trail to build the page title, by
    // appending either the preferred link or the menu router item for the
    // current page. Exclude it if we are on the front page.
    $last = end($trail);
    if ($preferred_link && $last['href'] != $preferred_link['href'] && !drupal_is_front_page()) {
      $trail[] = $preferred_link;
    }
  }
  return $trail;
}

/**
 * Looks up the preferred menu link for a given system path.
 *
 * @param $path
 *   The path; for example, 'node/5'. The function will find the corresponding
 *   menu link ('node/5' if it exists, or fallback to 'node/%').
 * @param $selected_menu
 *   The name of a menu used to restrict the search for a preferred menu link.
 *   If not specified, all the menus returned by menu_get_active_menu_names()
 *   will be used.
 *
 * @return
 *   A fully translated menu link, or FALSE if no matching menu link was
 *   found. The most specific menu link ('node/5' preferred over 'node/%') in
 *   the most preferred menu (as defined by menu_get_active_menu_names()) is
 *   returned.
 */
function menu_link_get_preferred($path = NULL, $selected_menu = NULL) {
  $preferred_links = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__);

  if (!isset($path)) {
    $path = $_GET['q'];
  }

  if (empty($selected_menu)) {
    // Use an illegal menu name as the key for the preferred menu link.
    $selected_menu = MENU_PREFERRED_LINK;
  }

  if (!isset($preferred_links[$path])) {
    // Look for the correct menu link by building a list of candidate paths,
    // which are ordered by priority (translated hrefs are preferred over
    // untranslated paths). Afterwards, the most relevant path is picked from
    // the menus, ordered by menu preference.
    $item = menu_get_item($path);
    $path_candidates = array();
    // 1. The current item href.
    $path_candidates[$item['href']] = $item['href'];
    // 2. The tab root href of the current item (if any).
    if ($item['tab_parent'] && ($tab_root = menu_get_item($item['tab_root_href']))) {
      $path_candidates[$tab_root['href']] = $tab_root['href'];
    }
    // 3. The current item path (with wildcards).
    $path_candidates[$item['path']] = $item['path'];
    // 4. The tab root path of the current item (if any).
    if (!empty($tab_root)) {
      $path_candidates[$tab_root['path']] = $tab_root['path'];
    }

    // Retrieve a list of menu names, ordered by preference.
    $menu_names = menu_get_active_menu_names();
    // Put the selected menu at the front of the list.
    array_unshift($menu_names, $selected_menu);

    $query = db_select('menu_links', 'ml', array('fetch' => PDO::FETCH_ASSOC));
    $query->leftJoin('menu_router', 'm', 'm.path = ml.router_path');
    $query->fields('ml');
    // Weight must be taken from {menu_links}, not {menu_router}.
    $query->addField('ml', 'weight', 'link_weight');
    $query->fields('m');
    $query->condition('ml.link_path', $path_candidates, 'IN');

    // Sort candidates by link path and menu name.
    $candidates = array();
    foreach ($query->execute() as $candidate) {
      $candidate['weight'] = $candidate['link_weight'];
      $candidates[$candidate['link_path']][$candidate['menu_name']] = $candidate;
      // Add any menus not already in the menu name search list.
      if (!in_array($candidate['menu_name'], $menu_names)) {
        $menu_names[] = $candidate['menu_name'];
      }
    }

    // Store the most specific link for each menu. Also save the most specific
    // link of the most preferred menu in $preferred_link.
    foreach ($path_candidates as $link_path) {
      if (isset($candidates[$link_path])) {
        foreach ($menu_names as $menu_name) {
          if (empty($preferred_links[$path][$menu_name]) && isset($candidates[$link_path][$menu_name])) {
            $candidate_item = $candidates[$link_path][$menu_name];
            $map = explode('/', $path);
            _menu_translate($candidate_item, $map);
            if ($candidate_item['access']) {
              $preferred_links[$path][$menu_name] = $candidate_item;
              if (empty($preferred_links[$path][MENU_PREFERRED_LINK])) {
                // Store the most specific link.
                $preferred_links[$path][MENU_PREFERRED_LINK] = $candidate_item;
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  return isset($preferred_links[$path][$selected_menu]) ? $preferred_links[$path][$selected_menu] : FALSE;
}

/**
 * Gets the active trail (path to root menu root) of the current page.
 *
 * If a trail is supplied to menu_set_active_trail(), that value is returned. If
 * a trail is not supplied to menu_set_active_trail(), the path to the current
 * page is calculated and returned. The calculated trail is also saved as a
 * static value for use by subsequent calls to menu_get_active_trail().
 *
 * @return
 *   Path to menu root of the current page, as an array of menu link items,
 *   starting with the site's home page. Each link item is an associative array
 *   with the following components:
 *   - title: Title of the item.
 *   - href: Drupal path of the item.
 *   - localized_options: Options for passing into the l() function.
 *   - type: A menu type constant, such as MENU_DEFAULT_LOCAL_TASK, or 0 to
 *     indicate it's not really in the menu (used for the home page item).
 */
function menu_get_active_trail() {
  return menu_set_active_trail();
}

/**
 * Gets the breadcrumb for the current page, as determined by the active trail.
 *
 * @see menu_set_active_trail()
 */
function menu_get_active_breadcrumb() {
  $breadcrumb = array();

  // No breadcrumb for the front page.
  if (drupal_is_front_page()) {
    return $breadcrumb;
  }

  $item = menu_get_item();
  if (!empty($item['access'])) {
    $active_trail = menu_get_active_trail();

    // Allow modules to alter the breadcrumb, if possible, as that is much
    // faster than rebuilding an entirely new active trail.
    drupal_alter('menu_breadcrumb', $active_trail, $item);

    // Don't show a link to the current page in the breadcrumb trail.
    $end = end($active_trail);
    if ($item['href'] == $end['href']) {
      array_pop($active_trail);
    }

    // Remove the tab root (parent) if the current path links to its parent.
    // Normally, the tab root link is included in the breadcrumb, as soon as we
    // are on a local task or any other child link. However, if we are on a
    // default local task (e.g., node/%/view), then we do not want the tab root
    // link (e.g., node/%) to appear, as it would be identical to the current
    // page. Since this behavior also needs to work recursively (i.e., on
    // default local tasks of default local tasks), and since the last non-task
    // link in the trail is used as page title (see menu_get_active_title()),
    // this condition cannot be cleanly integrated into menu_get_active_trail().
    // menu_get_active_trail() already skips all links that link to their parent
    // (commonly MENU_DEFAULT_LOCAL_TASK). In order to also hide the parent link
    // itself, we always remove the last link in the trail, if the current
    // router item links to its parent.
    if (($item['type'] & MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT) == MENU_LINKS_TO_PARENT) {
      array_pop($active_trail);
    }

    foreach ($active_trail as $parent) {
      $breadcrumb[] = l($parent['title'], $parent['href'], $parent['localized_options']);
    }
  }
  return $breadcrumb;
}

/**
 * Gets the title of the current page, as determined by the active trail.
 */
function menu_get_active_title() {
  $active_trail = menu_get_active_trail();

  foreach (array_reverse($active_trail) as $item) {
    if (!(bool) ($item['type'] & MENU_IS_LOCAL_TASK)) {
      return $item['title'];
    }
  }
}

/**
 * Gets a translated, access-checked menu link that is ready for rendering.
 *
 * This function should never be called from within node_load() or any other
 * function used as a menu object load function since an infinite recursion may
 * occur.
 *
 * @param $mlid
 *   The mlid of the menu item.
 *
 * @return
 *   A menu link, with $item['access'] filled and link translated for
 *   rendering.
 */
function menu_link_load($mlid) {
  if (is_numeric($mlid)) {
    $query = db_select('menu_links', 'ml');
    $query->leftJoin('menu_router', 'm', 'm.path = ml.router_path');
    $query->fields('ml');
    // Weight should be taken from {menu_links}, not {menu_router}.
    $query->addField('ml', 'weight', 'link_weight');
    $query->fields('m');
    $query->condition('ml.mlid', $mlid);
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